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NEW YORK - JUNE 23: Google co-founder Sergey Brin opens the internet company's new office space inside historic Chelsea Market June 23, 2008 in New York City. The new space, which is across the street from the older Google office, will house around 300 employees bringing the total number of Google employees in New York City to around 1,500. (Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images) *** Local Caption *** Sergey Brin
Struggling to remember street names or basic math? Blame Google.
A new study by Columbia University psychologists does just that. A new type of amnesia, called the Google Effect, is impacting how humans remember facts because we rely too much on search engines to remember small details or facts.
The study was published Friday in the journal Science. The full report can be read on the journal's website.
The study finds that when we know where to find information online, we are less likely to remember it or recall that information. Instead we just rely on a quick Google or Yahoo search.
But the authors are quick to point out that the study does not prove search engines are making us idiots.
"We're not thoughtless empty-headed people who don't have memories anymore," the study's lead psychologist Betsy Sparrow Sparrow told the San Jose Mercury News. "But we are becoming particularly adept at remembering where to go find things. And that's kind of amazing."
Instead the study suggests that human memory is reorganizing how it retrieves information and adjusting to a digital age, where computers can assist how we process information.
Participants in the study often showed that they did not bother to retrieve information when they thought they could easily find it online.
For example, when asked how many countries only have on color in their flag, people did not think about it but instead their brains turned to where on the Internet they could find that information.