Here's some more background from on meteors from our meteorologist:
What you see in most meteor showers is a sand-grain sized particle (sometimes pebble sized) entering the Earth’s upper atmosphere in a sudden streak of light. The light is caused by a growing sliver of heated air as the meteor begins to disintegrate usually at 50 to 75 miles above the Earth’s surface.
So what type of event will come this year? Here are some of the categories:
Types of metor displays:
Meteor Shower - A ‘typical’ display of meteors, usually 100 or less per hour.
Meteor Storm - When the Earth passes through a denser field of comet dust, meteor rates may increase to 1000 per hour or more.
Meteor Outburst - After the recent transit of a Comet, the Earth passes through a fairly large swath of dust and debris. This can lead to an “outburst” where thousands of meteors per hour are seen. Larger meteors known as bolides last for longer periods of time and display bits and pieces often falling away from the main meteor as it crosses the sky, sometimes ending with an audible explosion. Should a piece of the meteor survive the fiery path through the atmosphere and reach the ground it becomes known as a meteorite.
The colors seen in meteor trails can hint at the composition of the meteor particle.
Calcium - violet, Iron - blue, Magnesium - green/blue, Sodium - yellow, Nitrogen/Oxygen - red