The budget for research and development is seen as a barometer of how "innovative" a technology company will be.
If that's true, Hewlett-Packard and Apple are some of the least innovative companies around, according to the San Jose Mercury News.
Hewlett-Packard has repeatedly slashed its budget for research and development over the past two decades, according to the newspaper. In 1987, R&D comprised 11 percent of the Palo Alto company's budget; in 2012, R&D was 2.8 percent of HP's spending, according to the report.
Only two companies -- one of them Apple -- spent less, percentage-wise.
That said, the 2.8 percent was $3.4 billion -- and a company spokesman said that in 2012, the company received 1,200 patents.
R&D "focuses on creating new products and services, or improving existing products and services," the newspaper reported.
There is not "necessarily a direct connection between lavish R&D spending and innovation," the newspaper added, though HP CEO Meg Whitman has vowed to boost her company's spending on R&D.
By comparison, Facebook spends about 27.5 percent of its overall budget on R&D, the newspaper reported.