You may not realize it when thinking about politics in environmentally conscious and “green” California, but an 18-month-long NBC Bay Area and Maplight investigation found the oil and gas industry paid $182 million to California politicians, PACs and political causes between 2001 and June 30, 2018. For the past year and a half, the Investigative Unit worked with Maplight, a nonpartisan group based in Berkeley that tracks campaign contributions to uncover just how much money and influence the oil and gas industry wields in Sacramento.
"It's a tremendous amount of money," said Daniel Newman, the founder of Maplight, about the contributions from oil and gas. Newman started Maplight in 2005 in order to show voters the impact that money has on our political system.
In the chart below, see how much individual California politicians received from the oil and gas industry.
When asked if how receiving $26,000 from the oil and gas industry affected his commitment to green policies, Secretary of State Alex Padilla's staff responded, "Secretary Padilla is committed to California's efforts to reduce carbon emissions and protect our natural environment for future generations, and his commitment is not beholden to any special interest." (Click here for other statements)
“Money has enormous influence over every aspect of politics,” Newman said. “It affects who gets elected. It affects what our elected officials do when they're in office. It affects what laws get passed or stopped, and it even affects what laws even get considered.”
Here’s a chart of the largest contributors from the Oil & Gas Industry.
And the amount oil and gas has spent in Sacramento is not insignificant when compared with other industries and other states’ politics. The $182 million in political contributions put the oil and gas industry in the top eight of all industry and special interest givers in California, according to the National Institute on Money in Politics, a Washington, D.C.-based nonprofit that has documented more than $100 billion in special interest contributions to state and federal political campaigns.
The $182 million spent in California by oil and gas ranks at the top compared to other states. In fact, oil and gas gave more to political causes in the “green” Golden State than the industry did to state politics in New Mexico, North Dakota, Montana and Texas combined, according to the same data from the National Institute on Money in Politics.
“I think it’s absolutely the political process we live in,” said Catherine Reheis-Boyd, referring to the large amounts of money in politics. Reheis-Boyd is president of the Western States Petroleum Association, which represents the oil industry in California, Arizona, Nevada, Washington, and Oregon. When asked if oil and gas had Gov. Jerry Brown’s ear, she said that “yes” she is confident that the oil industry has a good relationship with Brown and the Legislature. “I would say we've made great progress with being able to have a seat at the table with the environmentalists,” she said.
Reheis-Boyd said shaping the dialogue on climate change is very important for the oil and gas industry. “It is a very important issue, and we have to make sure that we help design it in a way that we can achieve the environmental goals, but in an economically and sustainable way.”
Reheis-Boyd points out that if California intends to remain a leader in green policy, the state has to set an example of how green reforms can be made without impacting businesses. “If we don't do that in a cost effective way, no one will follow,” said Reheis-Boyd. “You can't hurt business in the state and still have and expect a growing economy."
Contra Costa County resident and activist Pennie Opal Plant remains concerned about the role the oil industry has taken in shaping climate policies in California. “This is a crisis,” she said, “and it's time for all of us to come together and deal with the crisis.” Plant, who owns an art and jewelry business in the East Bay, joined 800 environmental and social justice groups to protest Brown’s recent Global Climate Action Summit held in San Francisco.
“I’m working day and night and doing my best to inspire people to rise for climate,” said Plant, who is convinced that despite the green image of Brown, the influence of oil money is thwarting real progress.
As she sees fires burning all over the west, Plant says, “We do not have a moment to waste,” she said. “It's the first time that a generation is leaving something that we know is so much more difficult for future generations. We've almost broken the system.”
Plant's words challenge the prevailing view of a “Green California.”
Brown recently signed landmark legislation, SB 100. It mandates California transition to 50 percent wind and solar energy by 2026, 60 percent by 2030, and by 2045, 100 percent zero-carbon electricity. Zero-carbon means no coal, oil or gas. The bill also calls for 5 million electric vehicles on California streets by 2030.
“Governor Brown talks a good game,” said Adam Scow, California Director for Washington D.C.-based Food and Water Watch. “But the truth is that he has been more of a friend than a foe to the oil and gas industry.”
Food and Water Watch focuses on sustainable energy as a key part of its mission statement. Scow said SB 100 has serious shortcomings. “It doesn’t ban fracking, and it doesn’t phase out oil drilling,” he said. Scow also takes issue with the timeline. “We don’t have 27 years to get there,” he said.
While campaign records show only $159,199 in “direct” contributions from oil and gas to Brown’s campaigns, Jamie Court of Consumer Watchdog says he and his team found far more money going to the governor through “indirect contributions.”
Detailed in a report they’ve titled, “Brown’s Dirty Hands,” Court says he and his team found $9.85 million in political donations from the oil industry to Brown’s campaigns, ballot measures and favorite causes.
“You take oil industry money, you can’t stop drilling in this state. That’s the problem,” Court said. According to data obtained from the California Department of Conservation, 23,892 new onshore oil drilling permits have been granted across the state since Brown took office in 2011.
NBC Bay Area asked Brown if he can consider himself a climate leader while he and other Democrats take millions of dollars from the oil industry.
"Politics runs on money, billions and billions of dollars,” Brown said.
He stressed that his campaign accepted money from everyone. “If somebody wants to contribute to a proposition ... an oil company or a sugar company or a Hollywood movie company, we’ll take it," Brown said. The governor insists that those contributions have not stopped him from aggressively pursuing green policies.
“They (special interests) all got power,” he said. “That’s why you’ve got to be able to stand up and say ‘no’ to people. But if you think you can run a campaign for governor and raise $100 million on chump change, you don’t understand politics.”