- Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell commented on the possibility of a larger-than-usual rate hike next month, spooking markets.
- Data out in the U.K. showed retail sales volumes dropping above expectations in March, raising concerns about an economic slowdown.
- Shares of French luxury retailer Kering dropped over 4% amid concerns over its sales performance in China.
European stocks closed lower on Friday after Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell said a half-percentage point interest rate increase is "on the table" for next month.
The pan-European Stoxx 600 closed down 1.8%, with mining shares slumping 3.6% to lead the losses as all sectors dipped into the red.
Friday's trading in Europe comes after a dramatic reversal in stock markets in the U.S. Thursday, with major averages closing lower and wiping out earlier gains.
Earlier on Thursday, Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell commented on the possibility of a larger-than-usual rate hike next month, spooking markets. Speaking during an International Monetary Fund panel moderated by CNBC's Sara Eisen, Powell said that taming inflation is "absolutely essential."
"I would say 50 basis points will be on the table for the May meeting," he added.
Powell's comments also sent U.S. Treasury yields sharply higher.
On Friday, Asian equities mostly retreated amid fears over higher interest rates, while on Wall Street the major U.S. indexes were also lower.
"The markets are ... having to digest a much steeper, a much more accelerated rate path than they thought was the case a week ago, a month ago or three months ago. So I think there still is that adjustment taking place," Daniel Morris, chief market strategist at BNP Paribas Asset Management, told CNBC Friday.
"I think the key question for the direction of the markets is going to be: When does that process stop? When have we sufficiently, fully priced in where rates are going to be in a year. And I think once that happens, and hopefully that's soon, then we'll see a real stabilization in markets."
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In the retail space, B&M sunk 6% on news that its CEO will retire next year. In addition, data out in the United Kingdom showed retail sales volumes dropping more than expected in the month of March.
"March's substantial fall in retail sales volumes looks like the start of a period of weakness in consumers' spending, rather than just a blip," Samuel Tombs, chief U.K. economist at Pantheon Macroeconomics said in a note Friday.
Shares of the French luxury retailer Kering also dropped more than 4% amid concerns over its sales performance in China, where a zero-Covid policy is worrying investors.
SAP released earnings Friday, flagging a hit to its revenue from its exit from Russia. The German software giant said its decision to leave Russia following its invasion of Ukraine was expected to lead to a negative revenue impact of around 300 million euros ($325 million).
Speaking to CNBC Friday, the company's CEO Christian Klein told CNBC its cloud subscription revenues were "very sticky," and said its transformation plan was ahead of schedule. Shares of the firm closed down over 1%.
French voters are heading to the polls Sunday. The second — and final — round of the election puts incumbent Emmanuel Macron up against anti-immigration party leader Marine Le Pen.
In a note Thursday, Goldman Sachs described the election as a decisive moment for France’s policy path.
"If Mr. Macron is re-elected, we would expect him to revive his reformist agenda as a continuation of his pro-integration plan for Europe," the analysts, led by Sven Jari Stehn, said.
"These reforms are to a large extent embedded in our current forecasts. Should M. Le Pen be elected, we would expect an institutional impasse owing to the likely lack of a parliamentary majority in next June's legislative elections and significant friction with EU partners."
— CNBC.com staff contributed to this report.