A new survey of California voters found that 71% support key policies of a 2020 ballot initiative to tax plastic manufacturers, officials with San Francisco-based Recology said Thursday.
The "California Recycling and Plastics Pollution Reduction Act of 2020" would assess a fee of up to 1 cent per plastic package. The fee could be passed on to consumers in the form of higher prices.
Caryl Hart and Linda Escalante, two commissioners with the California Coastal Commission, and Recology's president and CEO Mike Sangiacomo filed the initiative with the state attorney general's office.
Money from the fee would go toward environmental restoration and improving recycling infrastructure.
Eric Potashner, vice president of strategic affairs at Recology, said the company needs at least one optical scanner and machine learning technology so its machines can do a better job of separating recycling from landfill materials.
The measure would also ban the distribution of Styrofoam by food vendors and require all packaging be compostable, reusable or recyclable by 2030. It would also give CalRecycle the ability to reduce plastic packaging
and single-use plastic products through regulations.
CalRecycle administers and oversees California's state-managed recycling programs and non-hazardous waste handling.
The survey also found that 51% strongly favor the initiative while 20% somewhat favor it, and 24% oppose it.
The margin of error for the survey is plus or minus 3.5%. Researchers used a 95% confidence interval.
The survey was conducted between June 6 and June 13, 2019.
Voters were asked, "Do you favor or oppose a proposal to reduce the use of packaging that cannot be recycled and generate funding for maintaining and expanding recycling, composting and beach clean-ups by charging manufacturers 1 cent for every item they sell in California with disposable packaging that cannot be recycled?"
Potashner said Recology can find a home for recycling rigid plastics such as detergent bottles. But film plastics such as plastic bags are not recyclable with current technology. So they end up in the landfill or some firms burn the film plastic.
Plastics harm marine wildlife and more recently it's become clear that people are ingesting microplastics.
"We're ingesting a lot of microplastics," Potashner said.
Microplastics are also showing up in snow and rainwater in the Rocky Mountains.
Not all is lost though. Potashner said 85% to 90% of what ends up in Recology's blue recycling bins is recyclable. About half of what is not is film plastic.