<![CDATA[NBC Bay Area - Bay Area Political News, Bay Area Politics]]>Copyright 2017https://www.nbcbayarea.com/news/politics http://media.nbcnewyork.com/designimages/nbc_bayarea_blue.png NBC Bay Area https://www.nbcbayarea.comen-usTue, 12 Dec 2017 00:07:09 -0800Tue, 12 Dec 2017 00:07:09 -0800NBC Owned Television Stations <![CDATA[President Trump on NYC Subway Bombing: 'End Chain Migration']]> Mon, 11 Dec 2017 23:45:51 -0800 https://media.nbcbayarea.com/images/213*120/NYC+explosion.jpg

President Donald Trump said in a statement that Monday's underground explosion near Manhattan's Port Authority Bus Terminal "highlights the urgent need for Congress to enact legislative reforms" on immigration.

In the statement issued just before 5 p.m., the president said Congress needs to end what he called "chain migration" and increase immigration security after police said Akayed Ullah -- a 27-year-old man of Bangladeshi descent with a last known address in Brooklyn -- detonated a crude explosive device in the tunnel between the Port Authority Bus Terminal and the Times Square/42nd Street subway station about 7:15 p.m. Monday. 

"First and foremost, as I have been saying since I first announced my candidacy for President, America must fix its lax immigration system, which allows far too many dangerous, inadequately vetted people to access our country," Trump said in the statement.

Ullah is not a U.S. citizen but had attained permanent residency. He came to the country on Feb. 21, 2011 on a F43 family immigrant visa; A Department of Homeland Security spokesman said he benefited from "family chain migration."

"Today’s terror suspect entered our country through extended-family chain migration, which is incompatible with national security," Trump said in the statement.

The president, who often takes to Twitter after terror attacks, has yet to tweet about Monday's explosion.

After Halloween's attack in Tribeca that left 8 people dead, the president likewise zeroed in on immigration, tweeting that he wanted to end the diversity visa lottery program that suspect Sayfullo Saipov used to enter the country.

Read the president's full statement below:

Today’s attempted mass murder attack in New York City—the second terror attack in New York in the last two months—once again highlights the urgent need for Congress to enact legislative reforms to protect the American people.

First and foremost, as I have been saying since I first announced my candidacy for President, America must fix its lax immigration system, which allows far too many dangerous, inadequately vetted people to access our country. Today’s terror suspect entered our country through extended-family chain migration, which is incompatible with national security. My Executive action to restrict the entry of certain nationals from eight countries, which the Supreme Court recently allowed to take effect, is just one step forward in securing our immigration system. Congress must end chain migration. Congress must also act on my Administration’s other proposals to enhance domestic security, including increasing the number of Immigration and Customs Enforcement officers, enhancing the arrest and detention authorities for immigration officers, and ending fraud and abuse in our immigration system. The terrible harm that this flawed system inflicts on America’s security and economy has long been clear. I am determined to improve our immigration system to put our country and our people first.

Second, those convicted of engaging in acts of terror deserve the strongest penalty allowed by law, including the death penalty in appropriate cases. America should always stand firm against terrorism and extremism, ensuring that our great institutions can address all evil acts of terror.

Photo Credit: AP/Andres Kudacki]]>
<![CDATA[All Eyes on Senate Race in Alabama]]> Mon, 11 Dec 2017 19:41:38 -0800 https://media.nbcbayarea.com/images/213*120/Moore_or_Jones.jpg

The Senate race in Alabama is sure to have a far-reaching impact, regardless of the outcome Tuesday. The inappropriate sexual behavior charges against Republican candidate Roy Moore and the unpopularity of Democrats in an extremely conservative state leave voters in a bind. Political analyst Larry Gerston tells us what's to come if Moore loses.

Photo Credit: NBC Bay Area]]>
<![CDATA[White House Denies Sexual Misconduct Claims Against Trump]]> Mon, 11 Dec 2017 12:58:28 -0800 https://media.nbcbayarea.com/images/213*120/SHS+Denies.jpg

Three women who have accused President Donald Trump of sexual misconduct came together on Dec. 11 to share their stories. The White House denied the accusers’ claims.

<![CDATA[Mueller Probing the 18 Days Up to Flynn's Firing: Sources]]> Mon, 11 Dec 2017 03:32:40 -0800 https://media.nbcbayarea.com/images/213*120/632934656-Donald-Trump-Michael-Flynn-White-House.jpg

Special counsel Robert Mueller is trying to piece together what transpired inside the White House over a critical 18-day period that began when senior officials were told that national security adviser Michael Flynn was susceptible to blackmail by Russia, multiple people familiar with the matter told NBC News.

The questions about what happened between Jan. 26 and Flynn's firing on Feb. 13 appear to relate to possible obstruction of justice by President Donald Trump, say two people familiar with Mueller's investigation into Russia's election meddling and potential collusion with the Trump campaign.

Multiple sources say that during interviews, Mueller's investigators have asked witnesses, including White House counsel Don McGahn and others who have worked in the West Wing, to go through each day that Flynn remained as national security adviser and describe in detail what they knew was happening inside the White House as it related to Flynn.

Some of those interviewed by Mueller's team believe the goal is in part to determine if there was a deliberate effort by Trump or top officials in the West Wing to cover up the information about Flynn that Sally Yates, then the acting attorney general, conveyed to McGahn on Jan. 26. In addition to Flynn, McGahn is also expected to be critical to federal investigators trying to piece together a timeline of those 18 days.

Neither McGahn's lawyer nor the White House responded to requests for comment. A spokesman for the Special Counsel's office declined to comment.

Photo Credit: Drew Angerer/Getty Images]]>
<![CDATA[Trump Accusers 'Should Be Heard': Ambassador Nikki Haley]]> Sun, 10 Dec 2017 13:18:26 -0800 https://media.nbcbayarea.com/images/213*120/AP_17292554198491.jpg

U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley said the women who have accused President Donald Trump of sexual misconduct have the right to speak up and be heard, NBC News reported.

Haley appeared on CBS' "Face the Nation and broke from the administration's line on the 16 sexual misconduct allegations against the president, with the White House saying that the women were lying and voters rejected their accusations when they elected Trump.

"I know that he was elected," Haley said, "but, you know, women should always feel comfortable coming forward. And we should all be willing to listen to them."

"They should be heard, and they should be dealt with," Haley said. "And I think we heard from them prior to the election. And I think any woman who has felt violated or felt mistreated in any way, they have every right to speak up."

Photo Credit: AP Photo/Seth Wenig, File]]>
<![CDATA[Republican Party ID Drops After Trump Election: Gallup]]> Sun, 10 Dec 2017 09:20:23 -0800 https://media.nbcbayarea.com/images/213*120/AP_17235842496326.jpg

Since the last presidential election in November 2016, there has been a 5-point drop in the number of people who call themselves Republicans, NBC News reported.

From November 2016 to November 2017, the number of people who calls themselves Republicans fell from 42 percent to 37 percent, according to Gallup. In that same time, the number of people identifying as Democrats stayed flat at 44 percent.

Among 18- to 34-year-olds, there was a 4-point drop in people identifying as Republicans. With 35- to 55-year-olds the drop was 4 points. And among those older than 55, the drop was 5 points.

College graduates saw a 4-point decline in Republican ID and those without a bachelor’s degree saw a 5-point dip.

Photo Credit: AP Photo/Alex Brandon]]>
<![CDATA[Tax Cuts Today, Medicare and Social Security Cuts Tomorrow]]> Sun, 10 Dec 2017 09:13:24 -0800 https://media.nbcbayarea.com/images/213*120/Tax_Cuts_Today_Medicare_and_Social_Security_Cuts_Tomor.jpg

NBC Bay Area political analyst Larry Gerston explains how the new tax changes may impact key entitlement programs.

<![CDATA[Trump Endorses Roy Moore in Campaign-Style Rally]]> Fri, 08 Dec 2017 20:42:15 -0800 https://media.nbcbayarea.com/images/213*120/DIT+NAT+TRUMP+PENSACOLA+THUMB.jpg

President Donald Trump held a campaign-style rally in Pensacola, Florida, where he endorsed GOP Senate candidate Roy Moore just days before the election.

<![CDATA[Trump Will Not Speak Publicly at Civil Rights Museum Opening]]> Fri, 08 Dec 2017 20:56:54 -0800 https://media.nbcbayarea.com/images/213*120/MS-Civil-Rights-Museum.jpg

After his decision to attend stirred controversy and prompted plans of protests and boycotts, President Donald Trump will not speak publicly this weekend at the opening of a new civil rights museum in Jackson, Mississippi.

Instead, Trump will participate in a separate private event at the museum Saturday morning, NBC News reported.

Several people who worked on the museum told NBC News they had no idea that Mississippi Gov. Phil Bryant had extended an invitation to the president, and only found out when Trump accepted the offer earlier this week.

Multiple people close to the situation have said staff at the museum scrambled to address the security surrounding Trump's arrival alone, but that disorder grew as speakers dropped out of the event.

Photo Credit: Rogelio V. Solis/AP]]>
<![CDATA[Roy Moore Accuser Says She Added Notes to Yearbook Message]]> Fri, 08 Dec 2017 13:53:03 -0800 https://media.nbcbayarea.com/images/180*120/quien-es-moore-13.jpg

A woman who accused GOP Senate candidate Roy Moore of sexual assault is now saying that she added notes to the yearbook message she touted as proof that the two knew each other in the 70s, NBC News reported.

Beverly Young Nelson, appearing on "Good Morning America" Friday, was asked if she had made notes under Moore's signature on the yearbook page that she said Moore inscribed. She answered yes.

Her lawyer, Gloria Allred, later added in a news conference that Nelson's notes included the date and location below Moore's signature, which a handwriting expert said matches Moore's based on public record. Allred said Nelson added the annotation as a reminder of the details of the encounter.

Nelson had not specifically addressed adding notes to Moore's yearbook message. Moore has denied her allegations of sexual assault and has said the message is a forgery and not his signature.

Photo Credit: Getty Images, File
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<![CDATA[Deputy National Security Adviser Set to Leave White House]]> Fri, 08 Dec 2017 21:42:17 -0800 https://media.nbcbayarea.com/images/213*120/855182264-Dina-Powell-White-House.jpg

Deputy national security adviser Dina Powell is leaving the Trump administration early in 2018, the White House announced Friday, CNBC reported.

Powell served under National Security Advisor Gen. H.R. McMaster. Within the West Wing, Powell was considered a close ally of President Donald Trump's son-in-law, Jared Kushner. 

"Dina Powell has been a key, trusted advisor in this administration," White House press secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders said in a statement. "She has always planned to serve one year before returning home to New York, where she will continue to support the President's agenda and work on Middle East policy. She will serve in the administration until early next year."

Her departure comes two days after President Donald Trump announced a major shift in U.S. policy on the Middle East by recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. 

Photo Credit: Drew Angerer/Getty Images, File]]>
<![CDATA[Trump, Son Got Emails Offering Docs After They Were Public]]> Fri, 08 Dec 2017 12:26:23 -0800 https://media.nbcbayarea.com/images/213*120/Trump-Jr1.jpg

An email that was sent to then-candidate Donald Trump and his son Donald Trump Jr. in Sept. 2016 pointed them to hacked WikiLeaks documents that had already been made public, according to a copy of the email provided to NBC News by Trump Jr.'s lawyer.

The email, first reported by CNN, offered a decryption key and a website address to access the documents, the officials said.

But the email is dated Sept 14, not Sept 4, as CNN had reported. On Sept 13, the day before the email, WikiLeaks had tweeted links to what the group said was 678.4 megabytes of DNC documents.

Trump Jr.'s attorney, Alan S. Futerfas, said in a statement to NBC News that the email "arrived after published media reports disclosed 12 hours earlier that hacked documents had been posted. The suggestion that this information was not public is false."

Photo Credit: Charlie Riedel/AP]]>
<![CDATA[GOP's Tax Bill Could Nix Wildfire Tax Deduction]]> Fri, 08 Dec 2017 13:04:37 -0800 https://media.nbcbayarea.com/images/213*120/AP_17342316909946.jpg

With wildfires destroying hundreds of homes as they rampage across Southern California this week, Democrats are again chastising Republicans for eliminating a natural disaster deduction from the tax reform bill that the House passed last month.

The House bill, approved on Nov. 16, removes the deduction for personal losses from wildfires, earthquakes, hurricanes and other natural disasters not covered by insurance or other assistance. Victims of major disasters could still get tax breaks provided Congress passes special legislation particular to the disaster.

Several fires have been raging in the greater Los Angeles area down to San Diego, threatening lives, homes and businesses. They are being driven by dry conditions and the Santa Ana winds, forcing 190,000 to evacuate, shutting down highways and suspending Amtrak service. Overall, the state has faced one of its most destructive and deadly fire seasons in history.

“The situation is unpredictable and stressful, and safety is the foremost concern,” said Democratic Rep. Grace Napolitano of Norwalk. “It is unreasonable to think those suffering losses from these natural disasters might not be compensated should the Republican tax bill become law. This is absolutely heartless and must be fixed.”

The new fires are blazing just as insurance claims from the state’s wine country fires in the fall reached more than $9 billion, the bulk of it from hard-hit Santa Rosa, making those fires the costliest in California’s history. Forty-four people died and thousands of homes were destroyed.

The mayor of Santa Rosa, Chris Coursey, called the elimination of the natural disaster deduction “unfathomably bad.” Santa Rosa continues to deal with the state’s worst fire disaster, he said.

“We’ve got a serious humanitarian disaster, a serious infrastructure disaster, a serious economic disaster that we’re facing over the next several years,” Coursey said.

Earlier, the state’s two Democratic senators, Dianne Feinstein and Kamala Harris, noted in a statement that the elimination of the tax deductions in the House bill — among many to make up for cuts in corporate rates and other changes — comes during the worst fire season in the state’s history.

“Asking victims of wildfires or earthquakes to suffer in order to pay for tax cuts for the rich is the height of cruelty,” they said.

Democrats questioned whether residents would to be able to determine their losses in time for this year’s taxes, though they would be able to file for an extension or file an amended return. And Democrats were crying foul over tax benefits that victims of hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Maria received but not those trying to rebuild from the recent wildfires.

“Our tax code shouldn’t pick winners and losers in natural disasters,” Feinstein and Harris said. “This is just another example of the extraordinary lengths Republicans will go to cut taxes for wealthy corporations and individuals at the expense of middle-class families.”

Coursey criticized Republicans for singling out California, a blue state unlike Florida, Texas and other states hard hit by the hurricanes.

“I don’t know how anyone in Congress can justify taking on the victims of a disaster at a time like this,” he said.

Texas Rep. Kevin Brady, the Republican chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, has said that he plans to introduce legislation offering special tax relief for wildfire victims, too.

“I am focused on securing funding for those impacted by this year’s devastating storms and wildfires while also working to wrap up the most transformational tax reform bill in a generation,” he said in a statement on Thursday.

Current law allows deductions for uncovered losses if the amount exceeds 10 percent of one’s income.

Congress earlier this year waived the 10 percent requirement for the hurricane victims and allowed them to withdraw money from their 401K retirement funds without penalty, among other benefits.

The Senate tax reform bill retains a deduction but only for federally declared natural disasters.

President Donald Trump on Friday declared a state of emergency over the fires, which allows for federal money to fight the fires. That is separate from a major disaster declaration, which would required under the proposed Senate bill and which would provide assistance for emergency and permanent recovery work.

Because wildfires often are smaller than other natural disasters and do not receive a federal designation, the elimination of the deduction would hurt California in particular. Feinstein's office points out that of the 57,981 wildfires in the United States this year, only the October fires in California have received a federal disaster declaration so far, according to data from the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the National Interagency Fire Center.

But the other fires are just as devastating to those affected, lawmakers noted.

“Republicans have said that Americans should not be concerned about this change because if there is a major disaster, then Congress might pass a special bill to provide tax breaks,” Democratic Rep. Brad Sherman, of Sherman Oaks, said. “If your home burns down without it being part of a major disaster – Congress won’t act.  And if there is a major disaster – Congress might not act.”

Americans deducted $1.6 billion in 2015 for natural disaster losses, according to the IRS. The Treasury Department estimated that taxpayers would deduct $4.83 billion in losses beginning next year through 2027.

“LA County has over 11 million residents, and we have recently experienced the worst years of wildfires in our history,” Napolitano said. “My district includes the Foothills of the San Gabriel Mountains, where three major fires over the past eight years have displaced residents, destroyed properties, and disrupted life in our communities. Financial relief has been vital for the recovery efforts of my constituents and the millions who have suffered from natural disasters nationwide.” 

The House and Senate must reconcile their two tax bills before a final version is sent to President Donald Trump. Republicans have said they want a bill by the end of the year.

Photo Credit: Noah Berger/AP]]>
<![CDATA[Moore Criticized for 'Inhumane' Resurfaced Slavery Comment]]> Fri, 08 Dec 2017 09:10:02 -0800 https://media.nbcbayarea.com/images/213*120/AP_17335146085316.jpg

Roy Moore, the Alabama Republican running for the U.S. Senate despite new sexual misconduct allegations, is facing backlash on a different front over a comment he made about slavery more than two months ago that resurfaced this week in a viral tweet.

Moore said in September that America was last great during a time when "families were strong," the United States "had a direction" and "we had slavery," drawing outcry from the daughter of Martin Luther King Jr. and many others who viewed his sentiment as revisionist history or white supremacist.

The comment came at a rally in Florence, Alabama, when one of the only African Americans in the audience asked Moore when he thought America was last great, The Los Angeles Times reported at the time.

"Moore acknowledged the nation's history of racial divisions, but said: 'I think it was great at the time when families were united — even though we had slavery — they cared for one another…. Our families were strong, our country had a direction,'" the Times reported.

The comments resurfaced Thursday when Eric Columbus, who served in the Justice and Homeland Security departments during the Obama administration, tweeted a link to the Times' September story. He wrote, "Can't make this stuff up," receiving more than 8,000 retweets.

In response to the renewed attention on the comment, Moore's campaign told NBC News, "Judge Moore clearly made his point, which is that America is great when our families and our faith are strong. To suggest that Judge Moore condones slavery is recklessly malicious."

People lashed out on Twitter over Moore's September statement, including actress and activist Gabrielle Union and Sen. Cory Booker, D-N.J.

"What direction is a nation headed when families are ripped apart, women are routinely raped & bodies viciously tortured and mutilated," Booker wrote on Twitter.

Bernice King, daughter of the late Martin Luther King Jr., called Moore's statement "appalling" and his thinking "violent, inhumane."

The Martin Luther King Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change

The Martin Luther King Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change called the statement "dangerous, insensitive, white supremacist."

Democrat Doug Jones, who Moore will face in the Dec. 12 special election, released a statement on his opponent's comment, calling it "disturbing" and part of his "terrible history on civil rights."

"With his extreme views and divisive rhetoric, Roy Moore would be incapable of representing all of the people of Alabama," Jones said.

Moore has a complicated record on civil rights.

When he was Alabama's chief justice in 2001, black organizations asked to erect a plaque of King's "I Have a Dream" speech at a state courthouse. Moore, who had already put up a monument for the Ten Commandments, denied the request, saying adding any monument would "diminish the very purpose of the Ten Commandments Monument," AL.com reported.

A federal judge instructed Moore in 2002 to remove his Ten Commandments monument, saying it favored one religion over others, The New York Times reported. Moore later put up the King monument, but he instead featured excerpts from the civil rights leader's 1963 "Letter from Birmingham Jail," AL.com reported.

But after Moore refused to follow the federal order to remove the Ten Commandments statue from the courthouse, he was removed from the Alabama Supreme Court in 2003.

In 2004, Moore opposed an amendment to Alabama's constitution that would have erased "segregation-era wording requiring separate schools for 'white and colored children' and... references to the poll taxes once imposed to disenfranchise blacks," the Washington Post reported. Opponents of the amendment argued it would lead to higher taxes in the state.

Voters elected Moore chief justice again in 2012, and Moore was later suspended for defying the 2015 U.S. Supreme Court ruling on same-sex marriage. He formally resigned from the bench in April 2017 and joined the race for Alabama's Senate seat.

"I'll stand for the rights and liberties of the people," Moore said announcing his candidacy, according to al.com. "My position has always been God first, family then country. I share the vision of President Donald Trump to make America great again."

Since joining the Senate race, Moore, has been accused of sexual misconduct by multiple women.

Two women have accused him of molesting them in the 1970s when one was 14 and one was 16 and Moore was a deputy district attorney in his 30s. Others claim he pursued relationships with them when they were between the ages of 16 and 18. Another woman said Moore groped her in his law office in 1991.

Moore’s campaign has denied the allegations, calling them "outlandish attacks" by the Democratic party and The Washington Post, which first reported the accusations. Moore has said that the women would have reported the claims sooner if they were true.

Photo Credit: AP Photo/Brynn Anderson
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<![CDATA[After Slurring Words, Trump to Make Medical Exam Public: WH]]> Fri, 08 Dec 2017 05:37:57 -0800 https://media.nbcbayarea.com/images/213*120/AP_17340655425983.jpg

A day after President Donald Trump appeared to garble his words in a public address, the White House announced that Trump will have a physical exam early next year and make the results public, NBC News reported.

Trump, 71, spoke Wednesday on Israel and seemed to have difficulty pronouncing words, and particularly the letter "s." Press secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders said in her Thursday press briefing that "the president's throat was dry."

Sanders said Trump was scheduled to have a routine medical exam "early next year" at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, as most presidents have done historically. She said, "Those records will be released by the doctor following that taking place." 

At age 70 last year, Trump was the oldest person ever to have been elected president. His personal physician, Dr. Harold Bornstein, wrote a letter declaring that Trump "will be the healthiest individual ever elected to the presidency."

Photo Credit: Evan Vucci/AP]]>
<![CDATA[First Lady Melania Trump Wishes to Spend Holidays on a Deserted Island]]> Thu, 07 Dec 2017 18:41:45 -0800 https://media.nbcbayarea.com/images/213*120/DIT+NAT+MELANIA+TRUMP+THUMB.jpg

First Lady Melania Trump visited a children's hospital in Washington D.C. for a Christmastime visit, answering children's questions and reading a story to them. When asked where she would want to go if she could go anywhere in the world to spend the holidays, the first lady said she'd want to spend them on a deserted, tropical island with her family.

<![CDATA[Franken Exit Could Be Game-Changer for Control of Senate]]> Thu, 07 Dec 2017 15:02:36 -0800 https://media.nbcbayarea.com/images/213*120/alfranken_1200x675.jpg

Following Sen. Al Franken's resignation announcement amid sexual misconduct allegations, Republicans and Democrats are hunting for top-tier candidates to run for the Senate seat, NBC News reported. 

Franken's seat wasn't supposed to be up for grabs until 2020, but his resignation will set up a 2018 special election in Minnesota. 

The unexpected opening could be a "total game-changer in terms of control of the Senate," said Republican strategist Alex Conant, a Minnesota native. 

Conant said former Minnesota Gov. Tim Pawlenty is the dream candidate for the GOP.

The Democratic bench in Minnesota, meanwhile, is deep, as the party holds all of the partisan statewide elected offices. 

Photo Credit: AP/Andrew Harnik]]>
<![CDATA[Palestinians Protest While Netanyahu Hails Trump]]> Thu, 07 Dec 2017 14:22:55 -0800 https://media.nbcbayarea.com/images/213*120/Mideast-Jerusalem-Reaction-CR_1200x675_1111708739616.jpg

Reacting to President Donald Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as Israel's capital, Palestinians are protesting in cities across the West Bank and Gaza Strip while Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu called Trump's actions "a milestone."

<![CDATA[Clash in West Bank Follow US Decision on Israel’s capital]]> Thu, 07 Dec 2017 14:33:20 -0800 https://media.nbcbayarea.com/images/213*120/ISRAEL+Protests.00_00_23_07.Still004.jpg

Palestinians clashed with Israeli troops in the wake of President Donald Trump’s controversial decision to recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.

<![CDATA[These Are the 5 Bills Now Key to the Future of 'Dreamers' ]]> Thu, 07 Dec 2017 11:01:53 -0800 https://media.nbcbayarea.com/images/213*120/DreamActDece.jpg

President Donald Trump gave Congress six months to come up with a permanent solution for the immigration program Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, or DACA, when he announced in September that he was ending it. Whatever decision Congress makes will affect approximately 800,000 people commonly referred to as "dreamers," those who were brought as children to the United States by their undocumented parents.

Only 154,000 out of 800,000 undocumented immigrants whose work permits expired before March qualified for renewal, leaving the rest to expire after that.

Former President Barack Obama introduced DACA in 2012 as an administrative program, giving eligible recipients temporary protection from deportation. "Dreamers" were allowed to reside in the U.S. for two years without fear of being deported, and afterward to keep their DACA status by paying a renewal fee every three years. DACA recipients were given the opportunity to obtain a driver’s license, enroll in college and work legally in the United States. The program does not confer permanent residency status or provide a path to citizenship.

As Congress grapples with the year-end spending bill needed to keep the federal government operating, Republicans have warned Democrats not to force negotiations on DACA as part of the talks. But House Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi and Senate Democratic Leader Chuck Schumer, in a statement released after they accepted the president’s invitation to meet with him and Republicans leaders, said lawmakers must together pass one of the bills under consideration, the Dream Act, along with tough border security measures. Senator Bernie Sanders of Vermont tweeted earlier this month: “I won’t vote for any spending bill without a permanent DACA fix.”

Republican Senator Jeff Flake of Arizona also has said that the Trump administration and Senate leaders had agreed to work on protections for DACA recipients in return for his support of the tax bill just approved by the Senate.

And in a letter to House Speaker Paul Ryan, 34 Republicans urged him to bring a “permanent solution” to the floor before the end of the year.

Here are the proposals from Republicans and Democrats that could determine the future of DACA recipients:

Succeed Act
Days after the announcement of Trump’s decision to end DACA, Republican Senators Thom Tillis, of North Carolina, and James Lankford, of Oklahoma, announced the Succeed Act, a long-term solution for DACA that would give those eligible a 15-year path to citizenship. To prevent chain migration, in which U.S. citizens or permanent residents can sponsor family members such as spouses or children, the bill would terminate the current law giving green card holders that prerogative. As under DACA, individuals must have arrived before the age of 16 and have lived in the U.S. before June 15, 2012.

Each applicant would have to undergo a background check, have a high school diploma, pay off tax liabilities, submit biometric data to the Department of Homeland Security and sign a waiver saying that if any terms were violated certain benefits will be revoked.

“This act is about the children,” Tillis said. “It’s completely merit based. If you work hard, if you follow the law, and you pay taxes, you can stay here permanently.”

If the merit-based tracks were met, applicants would be given Conditional Permanent Residence or CPS for 10 years, during which they would have to earn a college degree or serve in the military for at least three years. Those who met the requirements would be able to apply for a green card, and then wait another five years before they would be eligible to apply for citizenship.

Tillis told Business Insider that the act was not “standalone legislation and would most likely be paired with border security.” His comment prompted an outcry from immigration advocates demanding a “clean Dream Act,” separate from the border wall.

Republican Sen. Orrin Hatch, of Utah, who has shown his support for another proposal, the Dream Act, said Tillis and Lankford’s bill was the most likely to pass.

The DREAM Act of 2017
Unlike DACA, the Dream Act provides a path to citizenship for "dreamers" who meet its requirements. Hatch and Sen. Richard Durbin, Democrat of Illinois, originally introduced the Dream Act in 2001, but it failed to pass during the Bush and Obama administrations.

Durbin and Sen. Lindsay Graham, Republican of South Carolina, sponsored this newer version, which was introduced in July.

The 2017 Dream Act would require recipients to have lived at least four years in the U.S. They cannot have left the country for more than 180 days, although any travel authorized by the Department of Homeland Security would not be counted.

The bill would raise the age limit to 18. Recipients would have to meet educational, work or military requirements similar to those under DACA and pass a background check.

This bill would provide a path to citizenship for "dreamers" and holders of Temporary Protected Status, or TPS, which is granted to citizens of selected countries afflicted by natural disasters or war. They could apply for CPS status and then after eight years, for Legal Permanent Status, or LPR. Recipients must not have left their residence in the U.S or have a criminal history. They also must have acquired a degree, completed two years of a bachelor’s degree, served in the military for two years or have been employed for at least three years. After five years with LPR, for a total waiting period of 13 years, individuals would be able to apply for U.S. citizenship.

The American Hope Act
Similar to the Dream Act, the American Hope Act would grant undocumented youth and DACA recipients’ permanent status that could eventually lead to citizenship. Democratic Rep. Luis V. Gutierrez, of Illinois, introduced the bill on July 28, for children who arrived before their 18th birthday and lived in the U.S. before 2016. All applicants would be required to go through a background check and must have not committed a criminal offense.

Eligible applicants would be given the opportunity to apply for legal status through CPR, which would allow them to live and work in the U.S. legally for three years. During that time, applicants must not have left the country or committed any offense that could lead to deportation.

For DACA recipients, the time they had DACA status would count toward their CPR status, making the process to apply for LPR status quicker. After five years with LPR status, DACA recipients would be eligible to apply for citizenship.

“All of us here support DACA,” Gutierrez said. “We fought for DACA and we will defend DACA. And the defense includes putting on the table legislation that charts a way forward.”

Gutierrez’s congressional website says that over 110 representatives have co-sponsored the bill.

Recognizing America’s Children (RAC)
Republican Rep. Carlos Curberlo, of Florida, announced the Recognizing America’s Children bill in March, under which "dreamers" could apply for citizenship after a decade.

Recipients must have lived in the United States since 2012, arrived before the age of 16, pass a background check and meet education requirements. Undocumented youth with deportation orders are not eligible to apply.

During a five year period with CPR status, individuals over the age of 18 who are eligible must have enrolled in a higher education institution, enlisted in the military or have been employed for a total of 48 months. Recipients will need to reapply for another five years with CPR, but once their renewal is approved, they will be allowed to apply for LPR.

The Bridge Act
Republican Rep. Mike Coffman, of Colorado, introduced the Bar Removal of Individuals Who Dream and Grow our Economy, or Bridge Act, earlier this year, which would continue to protect DACA recipients from deportation. Their work permits would be valid for the next three years, giving Congress time to pursue permanent immigration reform. The difference between the Bridge Act and the other bills is that it does not include a path to citizenship.

Photo Credit: CQ Roll Call]]>