The Jaycee Dugard kidnapping case captured the nation's attention when it happened in 1991 and again when Jaycee emerged 18 years later. Now the case has prompted a new California law.
Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger on Tuesday signed into law Senate Bill 1201, which will require the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation to do a risk assessment for all out-of-state parolees coming into California.
Garrido was on parole for previous rape and kidnapping convictions when he and Nancy Garrido allegedly snatched 11-year-old Dugard from in front of her South Lake Tahoe home on June 10, 1991.
The Garridos are accused of holding her captive in the backyard of their home near Antioch for 18 years despite regular visits from parole agents. The couple was arraigned last week in El Dorado County on an 18-count grand jury indictment that included charges of kidnapping, forcible rape, forcible lewd acts on a child, false imprisonment by violence and possession of child pornography.
Nancy Garrido has pleaded not guilty to all counts. Phillip Garrido has not yet entered a plea and is currently being evaluated to determine whether he is legally sane, according to court documents.
The indictment also included multiple special allegations, including charges that Phillip Garrido had prior convictions for sex offenses.
According to a 2009 report by California Inspector General David Shaw, Garrido had been convicted in state and federal court in 1997 for kidnapping a woman in Lake Tahoe, taking her across state lines, and raping her in Nevada. He was sentenced in federal court to 50 years in prison. The Nevada state court sentenced him to an additional five years in state prison, according to the report.
Garrido was paroled from federal prison in 1988 after serving 11 years of his sentence and released to Nevada prison authorities. He was paroled from state prison seven months later and returned to the jurisdiction of federal prison to serve the remainder of his federal parole term, according to the inspector general's report.
However, because he was living at his mother's house in unincorporated Contra Costa County, the California parole board assumed supervision of Garrido in June 1999 under an interstate parole compact.