Images of the deadly terror attacks in Paris last Friday that left 129 people dead and hundreds more injured have saturated television screens and social media news feeds for days.
Parents, teachers and other adults are now confronted with having tough conversations about the terror attacks with children.
Child and adolescent development professor Ellen Middaugh at San Jose State University explains how parents should approach the conversation by first finding out what children already know and to clear up any misconceptions.
Kids understandably may feel unsafe, and Professor Middaugh encourages parents and teachers to help young people understand how they help a more peaceful world by being engaged in their community.
The one thing Professor Middaugh stresses all parents should address is the actions of Islamic extremists do not reflect the beliefs and actions of all Muslims, many of whom are children's neighbors and peers.